Consisting of deep ocean covered by drifting pack ice and surrounded by continents and archipelagos around the Earth's North Pole, the Arctic is the planet's largest and least fragmented inhabited region.
Why the Arctic matters
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Our staggering climate footprint on water and ice: New UN report to reveal what it means for life on Earth
Governments meet in Monaco over the next week to approve a scientific report outlining climate change impacts on the earth's oceans and snow and ice-covered places - or cryosphere - and our options to respond.
Published 17 September 2019